Addiction Dictionary

Phoenix/Scottsdale, Arizona’s Premier Drug & Alcohol Treatment Center

At Illuminate Recovery we keep you informed on your level of care.

We understand treatment terms and acronyms can be confusing while trying to also navigate the process of finding the right treatment center for your loved one. Below are some definitions of typical level of care alcohol and drug treatment options.

Abstinence: The absence of substance use. However, there are many different types of abstinence. Abstinence is typically interpreted as complete abstinence, defined below:

  • Continuous abstinence: not consuming the drug of choice during a specified period of time
  • Essentially abstinent: not consuming more than a specified amount of the drug over a period of time
  • Minimal abstinence: achieving a minimal period of recovery during a period of time
  • Point-in-time abstinence: not consuming the drug of choice at a single point in time (e.g., the past 30 days)
  • Complete abstinence: continuous abstinence from all alcohol and other drugs
  • Involuntary abstinence: enforced abstinence due to hospitalization or incarceration

Abuser: A person who exhibits impaired control over engaging in substance use (or other reward-seeking behavior, such as gambling) despite suffering severe harms caused by such activity.

Acceptance And Commitment Therapy (ACT): Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT; pronounced like the word “act”) is a cognitive-behavioral approach used in the treatment of substance use disorders that is based on the concepts of acceptance, mindfulness, and personal values.

Acute Care: Immediate, short-term medically managed or monitored care, lasting up to 31 days in length. Most addiction treatment programs (e.g., “rehab”) follow an acute care model. Understanding substance use disorder to be a chronic illness, recovery may require ongoing continuing care beyond acute treatment episodes.

Addict: A person who exhibits impaired control over engaging in substance use (or other reward-seeking behavior, such as gambling) despite suffering severe harms caused by such activity.

Addiction: According to the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM), addiction is a primary, chronic, neurobiologic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestation. Addiction is characterized by behaviors that include:

  • Impaired control over drug use
  • Compulsive use
  • Continued use despite harm
  • Cravings

Addiction Counselor: Type of non-medically credentialed addiction treatment provider. Counselors vary across jurisdictions in their titles, their required level of education, and required level of training.

Addiction Medicine Physician: A board-certified physician in some specialty (e.g., family medicine, pediatrics, neurology) who has undergone specialized training in addiction diagnosis, treatment, and management, but who does not typically provide addiction-specific psychotherapy, although often provides brief counseling.

Addiction Psychiatrist: A physician who is board-certified as a psychiatrist with specialized training in addiction diagnosis, treatment, and management. Addiction psychiatrists can provide therapy, although most emphasize and prescribe medications and work in collaboration with social workers, psychologists, or counselors who provide psychotherapy.

Al-Anon: A mutual-help organization or peer support group for people who have been affected by a loved one’s alcohol use disorder. Groups are based on the 12-step principles of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), and have attendees share stories and build supportive networks to help one another cope with the difficulties of having a loved one experience an alcohol use disorder. The focus is placed more on changing oneself and one’s patterns of interacting with the addicted loved one, rather than on trying to change the alcohol-addicted person’s behavior directly.

Alcohol: A liquid that is or contains ethanol or ethyl alcohol produced by the fermentation of sugars. Alcohol acts as a depressant to the central nervous system, producing feelings of relaxation and pleasure, reduced inhibitions, motor impairment, memory loss, slurred speech, and additionally at high doses can cause breathing problems, coma, or death. Alcohol consumption is also connected to increased risk of accidents (e.g., car crashes), risky sexual behavior, violent behavior, suicide, and homicide.

Long-term health consequences include: neurological impairment, liver disease, pancreatic disease, cancer (mouth, esophagus, throat, liver, breast), high blood pressure, stroke, heart problems,

Alcoholic: A person who exhibits impaired control over engaging in alcohol use despite suffering severe harms caused by such activity.

Alcohol Anonymous (AA): International fellowship for individuals with problematic drinking. Founded in 1935, AA is a nonprofessional, financially self-supporting, multiracial, apolitical organization that is open to all ages, and as the largest mutual-help organization, offers meetings in most locations in North America and most countries around the world.

AA is a 12-step program that revolves around its main text, known as the Big Book.

Alcohol Use Disorder: A problematic pattern of alcohol consumption, characterized by compulsive use of alcohol, impaired control over alcohol intake, and a negative emotional state when not using.

  • Drinking more or for a longer period than intended
  • On more than one occasion feeling the need or attempting to cut down or stop drinking
  • Spending a lot of time drinking or recovering from the aftereffects of alcohol
  • Craving or thinking about wanting a drink, or having the urge to use alcohol
  • Failing to fulfill major work, school, or home responsibilities due to drinking
  • Continuing to drink even though it is causing relationship troubles with your family or friends
  • Prioritizing drinking by giving up or cutting back on activities that were important to you or gave you pleasure
  • Drinking before or during situations that are physically dangerous—while driving a car, operating machinery, swimming, or having unsafe sex
  • Continuing to drink even though drinking is making you feel depressed or anxious, is linked to another health problem, or results in having memory blackouts
  • Developing a tolerance for drinking—needing much more than you once did to get the desired effect from alcohol, or not experiencing the same effect when drinking the same amount of alcohol
  • Withdrawal, as characterized by having withdrawal symptoms (trouble sleeping, shakiness, restlessness, nausea, sweating, a racing heart, a seizure, or sensing things that are not there, hallucinations)

Assessment: An ongoing process used to determine the medical, psychological, and social needs of individuals with substance-related conditions and problems. It can take the form of biological assays (e.g., blood or urine samples), as well as clinical diagnostic interviewing and the completion of self-report measures to determine the presence of a substance use disorder or other psychiatric condition, and other symptoms and challenges with the ultimate goal of developing a fully informed and helpful treatment and recovery plan.

Barbiturate: A type of medication and class of compounds that are central nervous system depressants causing sedation and sleep. These medications have been replaced largely by benzodiazepines because they are less toxic and benzodiazepines have lower potential for overdose risk. Barbiturates are still sometimes used medically, however, as anticonvulsants (e.g., phenobarbital).

Behavioral Health: The field of health care concerned with substance use and other mental health disorders.

Benzodiazepines: A class of psychoactive drugs that act as minor tranquilizers producing sedation and muscle relaxation, and sleep; commonly used in the treatment of anxiety, convulsions, and alcohol withdrawal.

Big Book: The nickname for the basic foundational text of the mutual-help organization, Alcoholics Anonymous (AA). It outlines the 12 steps that are at the core of the Alcoholics Anonymous program, as well as containing personal stories of alcohol addiction and recovery.

Binge Drinking: Excessive alcohol consumption within a short time period.

Buprenorphine: A semisynthetic opioid to control moderate to severe pain and to treat opioid use disorder. Buprenorphine is administered by injection to control pain, is used in the form of a transdermal skin patch to control pain or treat opioid use disorder and is used alone or in combination with naloxone in the form of a dissolvable tablet placed under the tongue or film placed inside the cheek to treat opioid use disorder. Brand names include: Bunavail, Buprenex, Butrans, Subutex, Suboxone, and Zubsolv.

Detox: For many, Detox or Medical Detoxification is the 1st step-in long-term recovery. Over time, many substances like opioids, heroin, benzodiazepines (sedatives), and alcohol create a physiological dependence in the body. Once these substances are removed from the body it can precipitate what is called withdrawal. This can be very uncomfortable and potentially life threatening. Although Illuminate Recovery does not provide detox services, we can help you find the detox facility that is right for you and will partner with our program’s curriculum.

Duration of Stay: Individuals progress through drug addiction treatment at various rates, so there is no predetermined length of treatment. However, research has shown unequivocally that good outcomes are contingent on adequate treatment length. To sum it up, the longer someone is in treatment the better their chances are a long-term recovery. Luckily, at Illuminate Recovery we can provide you with both length and quality programming to allow you a great success in sobriety. We have flexibility in our options and intensities of treatment, allowing us fit the right fit for you and your lifestyle needs.

Residential Treatment: Residential treatment is described as any facility, in which you reside, while receiving treatment services in the same location. Residential treatment can be a very effective option as it can give patients a chance to separate from an unhealthy environment and relationships. However, while in treatment at this level of care family contact and the ability to maintain a job or schooling can be very limited or none at all.

Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT): is a tool used in combination with Behavioral Therapy and other substance abuse treatment modalities with medications such as buprenorphine and methadone to combat opioid dependence. Extended-release naltrexone has also been approved for the treatment of opioid dependence and has achieved successful results. MAT has helped many addicts suffering from opioid dependence, let Illuminate Recovery help you determine if this course of treatment is right for you.

Partial Hospitalization: At Illuminate Recovery, we provide a PHP program that consists of 20 hours of therapy – both individual and group, per week. This is an individualized program that is created for each client and their needs. There are many things which can precipitate drug use and behavioral issues such as abuse, grief and loss of friends and loved ones, trauma, abandonment or sometimes a general sense of inadequacy and not belonging. It is our job to figure out what those underlying issues are and expose our clients to therapies to heal and cope with future problems. We all have different issues and learn in different ways, so it is only natural that some therapies work better for some individuals than others. Let Illuminate Recovery figure out a plan that works for you.

Intensive Outpatient: An Intensive Outpatient or IOP program usually consists of at least 9 hours of group therapy per week taking place over a minimum of 3 days during the week. This allows clients to work through issues in a safe environment while also being able to keep up with daily responsibilities like work, school, and family life.

Release of Confidential Information (ROCI): While a client is in the care of Illuminate Recovery all health care information is strictly protected under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA). In order to share any treatment details with a 3rd party (i.e. a friend, loved one or other medical professional/facility), there must be written consent on file specifically naming the outside party and the scope of what information can be shared.

Leaving Against Medical Advice (AMA): Against medical advice, sometimes known as discharge against medical advice, is a term used in health care institutions when a patient leaves a hospital or treatment center against the advice of their clinical or medical care team.

Drug Addiction, Alcohol Abuse, Sober Living, You Name It, We Can Help You.

Ready To Create A New Life In Recovery

Call Now ButtonCall 844.700.9888